The present perfect subjunctive in Spanish

In Spanish, the present perfect subjunctive is used to express wishes, comments, feelings or doubt on actions in the past that are related to the present, and future actions that may or may have not been completed.

 

Syntax: The verb “haber” in present perfect subjunctive + past participle of the main verb.

 

We use the present perfect subjunctive in the dependent clause when the main clause verb is in one of the following tenses:

 

 

TenseMain clause

Dependent clause

(Subjunctive)

PresentTú deseasque ella haya estudiado
Present perfectTú has deseado
Future SimpleTú desearás
Future continuousTú vas a desear
Future perfectTú habrás deseado
ImperativeDesea

 

Other examples:

 

  • No creo que ella haya llegado tarde
  • Anhelo que hayamos conseguido trabajo el año entrante
  • Es posible que ya haya salido
  • Espero que hayan dormido plácidamente
  • Cierra la puerta cuando hayas terminado
  • Dudo que Rosa y María hayan fracasado

 

 

The present perfect subjunctive conjugation of model regular verbs (ar, er, ir) is:

 

 

amarcorrerpartir
(que) yoHaya amadoHaya corridoHaya partido
(que) túHayas amadoHayas corridoHayas partido
(que) usted, él, ellaHaya amadoHaya corridoHaya partido
(que) nosotros o nosotrasHayamos amadoHayamos corridoHayamos partido
(que) vosotros o vosotrasHayáis amadoHayáis corridoHayáis partido
(que) ustedes, ellos, ellasHayan amadoHayan corridoHayan partido

 

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