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The present perfect subjunctive in Spanish

by | Spanish

In Spanish, the present perfect subjunctive is used to express wishes, comments, feelings or doubt on actions in the past that are related to the present, and future actions that may or may have not been completed.

 

Syntax: The verb “haber” in present perfect subjunctive + past participle of the main verb.

 

We use the present perfect subjunctive in the dependent clause when the main clause verb is in one of the following tenses:

 

 

Tense Main clause

Dependent clause

(Subjunctive)

Present Tú deseas que ella haya estudiado
Present perfect Tú has deseado
Future Simple Tú desearás
Future continuous Tú vas a desear
Future perfect Tú habrás deseado
Imperative Desea

 

Other examples:

 

  • No creo que ella haya llegado tarde
  • Anhelo que hayamos conseguido trabajo el año entrante
  • Es posible que ya haya salido
  • Espero que hayan dormido plácidamente
  • Cierra la puerta cuando hayas terminado
  • Dudo que Rosa y María hayan fracasado

 

 

The present perfect subjunctive conjugation of model regular verbs (ar, er, ir) is:

 

 

amar correr partir
(que) yo Haya amado Haya corrido Haya partido
(que) tú Hayas amado Hayas corrido Hayas partido
(que) usted, él, ella Haya amado Haya corrido Haya partido
(que) nosotros o nosotras Hayamos amado Hayamos corrido Hayamos partido
(que) vosotros o vosotras Hayáis amado Hayáis corrido Hayáis partido
(que) ustedes, ellos, ellas Hayan amado Hayan corrido Hayan partido

 

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