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The present perfect subjunctive in Spanish

by | Spanish

In Spanish, the present perfect subjunctive is used to express wishes, comments, feelings or doubt on actions in the past that are related to the present, and future actions that may or may have not been completed.

 

Syntax: The verb “haber” in present perfect subjunctive + past participle of the main verb.

 

We use the present perfect subjunctive in the dependent clause when the main clause verb is in one of the following tenses:

 

 

Tense

Main clause

Dependent clause

(Subjunctive)

Present

Tú deseas

que ella haya estudiado

Present perfect

Tú has deseado

Future Simple

Tú desearás

Future continuous

Tú vas a desear

Future perfect

Tú habrás deseado

Imperative

Desea

 

Other examples:

 

  • No creo que ella haya llegado tarde
  • Anhelo que hayamos conseguido trabajo el año entrante
  • Es posible que ya haya salido
  • Espero que hayan dormido plácidamente
  • Cierra la puerta cuando hayas terminado
  • Dudo que Rosa y María hayan fracasado

 

 

The present perfect subjunctive conjugation of model regular verbs (ar, er, ir) is:

 

 

 

amar

correr

partir

(que) yo

Haya amado

Haya corrido

Haya partido

(que) tú

Hayas amado

Hayas corrido

Hayas partido

(que) usted, él, ella

Haya amado

Haya corrido

Haya partido

(que) nosotros o nosotras

Hayamos amado

Hayamos corrido

Hayamos partido

(que) vosotros o vosotras

Hayáis amado

Hayáis corrido

Hayáis partido

(que) ustedes, ellos, ellas

Hayan amado

Hayan corrido

Hayan partido

 

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