smallhead BIGWISDOM

Rising your being

All Spanish Prepositions

This book is intended to explain how to use the 23 prepositions existing in the Spanish language to students of Spanish as a second language or to Spanish native speakers who want to acquire, refresh or improve their knowledge on this topic.

Studying prepositions in any language is one of the hardest tasks because there are several rules to follow as well as some exceptions.

The various rule categories are explained for each preposition along with numerous examples. These examples cover different contexts to give the reader multiple usage options of the language throughout the 427 examples in Spanish which are translated into English.

By reading this book and analyzing the examples, the usage of prepositions in Spanish will eventually become a second nature to you.

With that being said, let’s get started!

Table of content

Definition

Usage and some examples of each preposition in Spanish

 

  1. Usage of the preposition “A

 

  • To indicate destination
  • To express ending or limit
  • To indicate location
  • To express purpose
  • To indicate distribution (“por” can also be used)
  • To indicate manner

 

  1. Usage of the preposition “ANTE

 

  • To indicate location with respect to the observer
  • To express a cause or reason
  • To express preference

 

  1. Usage of the preposition “BAJO

 

  • To express location in a lower position
  • To express ‘protección’ or ‘control’
  • To express ‘subjugation’
  • To express ‘concealment’

 

  1. Usage of the preposition “CABE

 

  • To express “cerca de” (near)

 

  1. Usage of the preposition “CON

 

  • To express company
  • To express collaboration or joint actions:
  • To express a tool or a means to do something
  • To express the means, material or immaterial, used to do something
  • To express the qualities of somebody or something
  • To express the way a process is carried out
  • With an infinitive to indicate concession
  • To indicate condition
  • With nominal groups

 

  1. Usage of the preposition “CONTRA

 

  • To indicate opposition in all varieties. It introduces nouns to specify the person or thing to which somebody or something is against
  • To express the recipient of an action
  • To express the person or thing affected by a reprehensible action
  • To express location
  • In some restricted contexts, it can be used to mean ‘a cambio de’

 

  1. Usage of the preposition “DE

 

  • To express spatial origin
  • To express temporary origin of something
  • To express genitive character (dependency, possession)
  • To express appositive character (when a noun or a nominal group follows immediately after another element of the same class)
  • To highlight the agent (action creator)
  • To highlight the recipient of an action
  • To express the whole from which a part is highlighted
  • To express what it is characterized by certain property
  • To express the matter from which something is made of
  • To express the purpose of usage of something
  • To express the cause or the reason of being
  • To express cause, generally, extreme causes
  • When used with an infinitive, it creates conditional constructions
  • To express figurative meaning of origin
  • To express fastening (connection)
  • To express absence of something
  • To express what something is occupying. Often, a place or a container.
  • To express judgement or provide information on names of disciplines, subjects or issues (some can be replaced by “sobre” or “acerca de”)
  • To express what is affected by something

 

  1. Usage of the preposition “DESDE

 

  • To express the origin or the starting point of a process. (In some cases, “a partir de” and “de” can also be used).
  • To express the reference from which a measure is established
  • To indicate the place from which something is perceived
  • To indicate a time-related unit
  • To express the cause of something interpreted as its origin
  • To mean ‘en cuanto’

 

  1. Usage of the preposition “DURANTE

 

  • To establish a concrete duration. (The simultaneity of two actions)

 

  1. Usage of the preposition “EN

 

  • To indicate location
  • To indicate time
  • To indicate motion or the result of a process
  • To indicate the period of time in which a situation happens. “A lo largo de” can also be used
  • To express the state or condition of something or somebody

 

  1. Usage of the preposition “ENTRE

 

  • To express location by limits in a space dimension
  • To express location by limits in a time dimension
  • To express location by limits in another type of dimension
  • To highlight a quality among all the individual possessing it
  • To express a varied relationship between people or things and, sometimes, it has reciprocal sense
  • To express addition

 

  1. Usage of the preposition “HACIA

 

  • To express direction or orientation with respect to a point. Sometimes, “a” can also be used.
  • To express approximate time

 

  1. Usage of the preposition “HASTA

 

  • To express the limit of an action, a process or a situation
  • To talk about space limits
  • To express multiplication of events
  • To express ‘lo más adelante posible’
  • To express ‘lo más atrás posible’
  • With adverbs in a direct object
  • To create sentence complements
  • In sentences with cause or consecutive interpretation

 

  1. Usage of the preposition “MEDIANTE

 

  • To express the method or means to do something. “Con” can also be used.

 

  1. Usage of the preposition “PARA

 

  • To indicate destination
  • To show the use or purpose of a thing
  • To mean “in order to” or “for the purpose of”
  • To indicate a recipient
  • To express a deadline or specific time
  • To express a contrast from what is expected
  • “estar para” to express an action that will soon be completed (it’s about to happen)
  • To express an opinion
  • Some idiomatic expressions with “Para”

 

  1. Usage of the preposition “POR

 

  • To express gratitude or apology
  • For multiplication
  • For velocity, frequency and proportion
  • Meaning “through,” “along,” “by” or “in the area of”
  • When talking about exchange, including sales
  • To mean “on behalf of,” or “in favor of,”
  • To express a length of time
  • To express an undetermined, or general time, meaning “during”
  • For means of communication or transportation
  • In cases of mistaken identity, or meaning “to be seen as”
  • To show the reason for an errand
  • When followed by an infinitive, to express an action that remains to be completed, use “por + infinitive”
  • To express cause or reason
  • “Estar por” means to be in the mood, or inclined to do something
  • In passive constructions
  • Some idiomatic expressions with “Por”

 

  1. Usage of the preposition “SEGÚN

 

  • To express ‘conforme a’ or ‘de acuerdo con’
  • To express ‘en función de’ or ‘dependiendo de’
  • To introduce indirect sentences
  • To form relative groups

 

  1. Usage of the preposition “SIN

 

  • To express lack or absence of something
  • With a noun subordinate in the predicate
  • To form participle adjectives
  • To express absence of collaboration or company
  • To express absence of something or not included
  • As a conditional clause
  • “no + participle” = “sin + Infinitive”
  • “no + gerund” = “sin + infinitive”
  • Preceded by the adverb “no”, it forms a kind of habitual lítotes (attenuation). “Litotes” is an expression in which the speaker, without saying all what they want to say, they make their intention understood, and it is done by negating the opposite of what is intended to be said

 

  1. Usage of the preposition “SO

 

  • With the locution “so pena de” (bajo amenaza de which means “under the threat of”).
  • With the locutions “So pretexto de”, “so color de”, or “so capa de”. (Con el pretexto de, con la excusa de, con la disculpa de, con el motivo aparente de, which means “under the pretext of”).

 

  1. Usage of the preposition “SOBRE

 

  • To express location on the vertical axis with or without physical contact.
  • To express prominence or priority
  • To express the topic of something
  • With nominal groups related to approximate time

 

  1. Usage of the preposition “TRAS

 

  • To identify the person or thing put before others
  • What is behind a succession either static or dynamic
  • When referring to time, it means “después de”
  • To express the repeatition of something in a sequence of time with “noun + tras + noun”

  

  1. Usage of the preposition “VERSUS

 

  • It means “contra” or “frente a”

 

  1. Usage of the preposition “VÍA

 

  • The place where something passes through or when there is a stop
  • With the construction “por vía + adjective”

 

Acknowledgements

0 Comments

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Get the book about China!

 

You can get the book about living

and having experiences in China.

(See Table of Content)

 

 

Get the book about 1100 English-Spanish Cognates!

 

It includes:

 1100 definitions in English

1100 definitions in Spanish

1100 examples in English

1100 examples in Spanish

 

Bonus:  Audio pronunciations

You can get the book about 1100 English-Spanish Cognates.

(See Table of Content)